Deposit made by a buyer in evidence of good faith when the purchase agreement is signed.
See Equal Credit Opportunity Act.
Effective interest rate
The cost of a mortgage expressed as a yearly rate, usually higher than the interest rate on the mortgage since this figure includes up-front costs.
A legal right or interest in a property that affects title and lessens the property value. Encumbrances can take the form of claims, liens, unpaid taxes and so on. These will usually have to be taken care of before a buyer may purchase a property.
Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)
Federal law requiring creditors to make credit equally available without discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, age, sex, marital status, or receipt of income from public assistance programs.
The percentage of property value held by the owner; the difference between the current market value of a property and the outstanding mortgage balance.
A loan based on the borrower’s equity in his home.
The neutral third party that holds money and/or documents until the escrow instructions are fulfilled and escrow can be a title company or an attorney, depending on state regulations.
Account held by a lender containing funds collected as part of mortgage payments for annual expenses such as taxes and insurance, so that the homeowner does not have to pay a large sum when these fall due.
Escrow Waiver is waiver of the requirement to fund an escrow account with lender and instead pay insurance and taxes separately. This waiver may require a fee and is not available with all loan programs.